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Prof. Braj B. Kachru
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Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12
Chapter 13
Chapter 14
Chapter 15
Chapter 16
Chapter 17
Chapter 18
Chapter 19
Chapter 20
Chapter 21
Chapter 22
Chapter 23
Chapter 24
Chapter 25
Chapter 26
Chapter 27
Chapter 28
Chapter 29
Chapter 30
Chapter 31
Chapter 32
Chapter 33
Chapter 34
Chapter 35
Chapter 36
Chapter 37
Chapter 38
Chapter 39
Chapter 40
Chapter 41
Chapter 42
Chapter 43
Chapter 44
Chapter 45
Chapter 46
Chapter 47
Chapter 48
Chapter 49
Chapter 50
Selected Topics
An Introduction to Spoken Kashmiri


Chapter 22 Chapter 22: A Kashmiri fire-pot
A Kashmiri fire-pot
A Kashmiri fire-pot
Lesson Notes Grammar Vocabulary Drills Exercises


This covers a conversation with a duka:nda:r  (shopkeeper) about the , the traditional Kashmiri fire-pot. There is also a brief discussion on various types of fire-pots, namely, common  (a bride's fire-pot), and  (children's fire-pot).

Ashok: What is this?

Shopkeeper: It is called a .

Ashok: Say that again (please).


Ashok: What is it used for?

Shopkeeper: One puts live charcoal in the . In cold weather we use it to keep our bodies w.mp3.

Ashok: Really? Does one w.mp3 one's body with the .

Shopkeeper: Yes, sir.

Ashok: How does one do that?

Shopkeeper: The  is put inside the phiran or in a blanket.

Ashok: The  must cause burns.

Shopkeeper: Yes, sometimes the  does cause burns.

Ashok: Is there only one type of ?

Shopkeeper: No, sir, there are many types of fire-pots.

Ashok: (Please) show me two or three other types.
Kashmiri bride's fire-pot
Kashmiri bride's fire-pot
Children's fire-pot
Children's fire-pot

Shopkeeper: Look at this one. It is for brides.

Ashok: (Yes) This  is very pretty.

Shopkeeper: Yes, sir, a lot of work has been done on this.

Ashok: How much does it cost?

Shopkeeper: It costs fifteen rupees.

Ashok: (Yes) The price is reasonable.

Shopkeeper: There are many other types, too. This one is for children.

Ashok: How is the  made?

Shopkeeper: It is made of wicker. After it is made, color and other decorations are put on it.

Ashok: What is inside?

Shopkeeper: Inside, there is earthen, bowl-like pot in which live charcoal is kept. Under the (live) coal, there is charcoal.

Ashok: It is a very good way of keeping oneself w.mp3.

Shopkeeper: Yes, that is why Kashmiris like the  very much.

Ashok: All right, give me this . How much does it cost?

Shopkeeper: Ten rupees.

Ashok: Here is the money.


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