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Prof. Braj B. Kachru
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Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12
Chapter 13
Chapter 14
Chapter 15
Chapter 16
Chapter 17
Chapter 18
Chapter 19
Chapter 20
Chapter 21
Chapter 22
Chapter 23
Chapter 24
Chapter 25
Chapter 26
Chapter 27
Chapter 28
Chapter 29
Chapter 30
Chapter 31
Chapter 32
Chapter 33
Chapter 34
Chapter 35
Chapter 36
Chapter 37
Chapter 38
Chapter 39
Chapter 40
Chapter 41
Chapter 42
Chapter 43
Chapter 44
Chapter 45
Chapter 46
Chapter 47
Chapter 48
Chapter 49
Chapter 50
Selected Topics
An Introduction to Spoken Kashmiri


Chapter 29 Chapter 29: Visiting Tulmul
Visiting Tulmul
Visiting Tulmul
Lesson Notes Grammar Vocabulary Drills Exercises


A conversation on visiting the Hindu temple Tulmul located near Gandarbal about twenty miles from Srinagar. It is also called khi:rbhava:ni:.

Mohan: Greetings, Ashok. Where have you been all these days?

Ashok: Greetings, Mohan. I have been sight-seeing.

Mohan: Well, what (places) did you see?

Ashok: Just three or four places. I saw Hazratbal, Dal Lake, Gulmarg, and Pahalgam. I am (now) thinking of visiting Tulmul.

Mohan: Yes, you (must) do that.

Ashok: Yes, that's what I came to talk to you about. Tell me, how far is Tulmul from here?

Mohan: Tulmul is about fifteen miles away, but it is not difficult to get there. From Amira Kadal both buses and tongas (horse carriages) go there. Many people go there in a large houseboat, but that takes a lot of time.

Ashok: Can one return the same day, or does one stay there overnight?

Mohan: Yes, many people go there in the morning and return in the evening. But they also have provisions there for staying overnight.

Ashok: Tell me, what is Tulmul famous for?


Mohan: I will tell you. Tulmul is a famous shrine of the Hindus. There is an idol of the goddess bhava:ni: there, in the middle of a spring.

Ashok: Do people worship this idol?

kand (cone-shaped sugar candy)
kand (cone-shaped sugar candy)
Small saucer-shaped oil lamp
Small saucer-shaped oil lamp

Mohan: Yes, the Hindus worship this idol. The pilgrims pour milk into the spring, drop sugar candies (kand (cone-shaped sugar candy)) into it, and light a Small saucer-shaped oil lamp.

Ashok: Do only Kashmiri Pandits go to Tulmul?

Mohan: Oh no, Hindus and Sikhs come there from every part of India. Some Muslims also go to Tulmul.

Ashok: Do the pilgrims take a bath before entering (the shrine)?

Mohan: Yes, near the gate everybody has to take a bath. After taking a bath, pilgrims change their clothes and enter.

Ashok: Well, is there any arrangement for food there?

Mohan: Yes, there are many (sweetmeat sellers) shops. They sell , rice pudding, and cooked rice and vegetables. They also sell (various) ingredients for the worship (puja).

Ashok: On the way to Tulmul, is there any other place worth seeing?

Mohan: Yes, there are two or three very nice places.

Ashok: Which are they?

Mohan: The big mosque is very near here. After that, there are two places, Vicharnag and Gandarbal.

Ashok: What is there at Vicharnag and Gandarbal?

Mohan: Vicharnag is a place of pilgrimage for the Hindus, and there is a spring there. People eat their food at Gandarbal on the banks of the River Sindh. It is a beautiful place and you must stop there by the bridge.

Ashok: All right, I shall meet you after returning from Tulmul. Goodbye.

Mohan: Goodbye.


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